Copyright and Fair Use

Copyright law

Copyright law protects "original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression" for a limited time. 17 U.S.C. §102The express purpose of U.S. copyright law is to "promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts" and is meant to foster the discovery of new knowledge and the creation of new works. United States Constitution, Art. I, Sec. 8, Cl. 8.

Copyright protection applies to literary works, music, performances, images, architectural and sculptural works, and movies, both in traditional mediums (books, photographs) and in digital formats (electronic journals, web sites, digital sound recordings).

What is Fair Use?

Fair use is an exception to copyright law that allows copyright-protected works to be used in certain circumstances without permission from the copyright holder. If you intend to use a copyrighted article, book, image or video, you will want your use to fall within fair use guidelines.

Why should copyright and fair use matter to me?

As copyright law does not specifically address many new situations, fair use - in its flexibility and adaptability - is the exception best positioned to support educators and students. Section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976 states that, “the fair use of a copyrighted work, ... is not an infringement of copyright.” 17 U.S.C. §107.

Copyright law affects the CF community in diverse ways. A faculty member authoring an article or book, a staff member using the copy machine, a student doing research or sharing information, and an online instructor uploading course materials are all held to the principles of copyright law.

More information for Students

More information for Educators




This guide is informational only, communicating copyright basics and safe practices related to copyright law for educational purposes, and is no substitute for legal counsel or advice. If you require legal advice regarding copyright, please contact an attorney. The CF Libraries are not responsible for the content of third party sites linked to in this guide.